Soil, coco and hydroponic sustrates for cultivation of fruit, vegetables and fine herbs. Are you a novice or experienced grower? Plant and Flower has the substrates, nutrients and additives to make a success of each culture.

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Order substrates online in the Plant and Flower Growshop.

Whether it concerns breeding soil such as mineral or organic soil or substrates such as coconut, expanded clay, hydro substrates, perlite or rock wool: here you will find a wide range substrates for your plants or, for example, organic cultivation.

What are soils and substrates?

Potting soil is a natural material consisting of a complex mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids and organisms that provides a natural environment for plant roots. Substrates are man-made or natural materials that contain little or no organic matter. They are usually used as a substitute for soil, provide a firm surface for plants to grow on and can be made from a variety of materials such as hydro pellets, glass wool or coconut. They support the plant roots and can provide the plant with nutrients, water and oxygen.

The difference between soils and substrates is that the latter do not contain organic matter. Although soil is made up of a lot of organic material, substrates are usually one type of material. The most common substrates are peat, coconut, perlite, vermiculite, rockwool and sand.

Use soil or substrates for cultivation?

Tiltilage is one of the most common methods of growing crops. This can be done with soil as well as with a substrate.

Tiltilage is a traditional form of agriculture that has been practiced for centuries. It consists of using land to grow crops and is the most natural way to produce food.

Substrate cultivation is a method of growing plants without using soil. This method uses a soilless substrate such as rockwool, perlite, vermiculite, coconut, etc. to provide the necessary nutrients for plant growth.

There are other drawbacks to soil cultivation that have led to the emergence of soilless hydroponic cultivation. One of the main disadvantages of soil cultivation is that it can generate a lot of waste.

Soil is the best option for plants that need a lot of water or that like to grow in a loose environment. Substrates are better suited for plants that like to grow in an airy environment and prefer denser soil.

Mineral soil and organic soil.

Soil types are divided into three main groups according to their composition: mineral, organic and mixed.

Organic soil contains organic matter such as decomposed plant material or animal waste. Mixed soils contain both mineral and organic matter.

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